What are Japanese participles?
In English relationships between the words of a sentence are shown mostly by word order.
In Japanese, however, the sentence function of nouns and pronouns is shown by additional words that are placed immediately after the noun or pronoun. These words, which are called particles.
In English, there are special words called prepositions. Japanese has no prepositions, but particles have many of the same functions as prepositions.
Japanese uses particles after words to mark what they are for. Particles will follow the words they control. That is why particles are sometimes called postpositions.
There are many kinds of particles like: ga/が, which is a to things you give attention marker; wa/は, which is a topic marker; o/を, which follows the direct object; no/の, which means “of” in most of the English senses of the word, and indicates possession; and ka/か, which indicates a question.
Let’s learn particle も/mo for now.
How to use particle も/mo
The particle も/mo attaches to the subject of sentences in place of the partilce が/ga or は/wa, and it will translate as too or also.
Anata wa kawaii desu.
あなた は かわいい です。
[you cute are]
Anata mo kawaii desu.
あなた も かわいい です。
[you also cute are]
You are also cute. / You’re cute too.
onaka ga itai.
おなか が いたい。
お腹 が 痛い。
My stomach hurts.
Onaka mo itai.
おなか も いたい。
お腹 も 痛い。
[stomach also hurt]
My stomach also hurts. / My stomach hurts too.